Hogar en los trópicos: seguimiento estacional del nicho por el vireo verdiamarillo, Vireo flavoviridis, un migrante intratropical


  • Alejandra Ochoa-Gonzále Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Octavio R. Rojas-Soto Instituto de Ecología, A.C.
  • David A. Prieto-Torres Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • María del Coro Arizmendi Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Adolfo G. Navarro-Sigüenza Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2652-7719



Palabras clave:

Nicho climático, Modelos de nicho ecológico, Evolución de la migración, Migración intratropical, Neotrópico


Actualmente, carecemos de información sobre qué condiciones climáticas están rastreando las aves migratorias, especialmente las intratropicales, cuyos movimientos están contenidos entre los trópicos. El vireo verde amarillo Vireo flavoviridis es un migrante intratropical, cuyos patrones de migración permanecen parcialmente documentados e hipotetizamos que rastrea nichos climáticos similares entre las estaciones reproductiva y no reproductiva (tendencia de conservadurismo de nicho en los trópicos). Utilizando registros de presencia de GBIF y capas climáticas mensuales de WorldClim, reconstruimos el nicho ecológico para las temporadas reproductiva y no reproductiva. Usamos un análisis
de superposición de nicho, basado en un enfoque de PCA-env y pruebas de similitud para evaluar la superposición en el nicho climático entre estaciones. Proyectamos esos nichos climáticos en su migración de primavera y otoño para evaluar las condiciones climáticas rastreadas por la especie en los meses de transición. Los modelos revelaron una significativa interpredicción geográfica entre estaciones. Los análisis de similitud mostraron una alta superposición
de nichos entre temporadas. Como era de esperar por la hipótesis del conservadurismo de nicho en los trópicos, el vireo verdiamarillo es un seguidor de nicho. Esta información ayuda a la comprensión de la migración intratropical y futuros planes de conservación.


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