First record of the Pseudodiamesa branickii species group (Diptera: Chironomidae: Diamesinae) from central Mexico


  • Joanna Moreno Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Julieta Massaferro CENAC/CONICET
  • Margarita Caballero Laboratorio de Paleolimnología, Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Luis Oseguera Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Palabras clave:

Tropical high altitude lakes, Benthos, Biodiversity


Larvae and pupae of the Pseudodiamesa branickii species group (Makarchenko and Makarchenko, 1999) (Diptera: Chironomidae) were found in 2 high-altitude lakes (El Sol and La Luna, 4,200 m asl), in the crater of the Nevado de Toluca volcano, in central Mexico. This is the first record of the genus in Mexico, and its southernmost report from a location that represents a transitional zone between the Nearctic and Neotropical regions. New information on the ecology and biogeographical distribution of the species group is given.

Biografía del autor/a

Joanna Moreno, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Laboratorio de Paleolimnología, Instituto de Geofísica y

Facultad de Ciencias.

Margarita Caballero, Laboratorio de Paleolimnología, Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Laboratorio de Paleolimnología, Instituto de Geofísica

Luis Oseguera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Proyecto de Limnología Tropical, FES Iztacala


Boggero, A., Füreder, L., Lencioni, V., Simcic, T., Thaler, B., Ferrarese, U., Lotter, A., Ettinger, R. (2006). Littoral chironomid communities of Alpine lakes in relation to environmental factors. Hydrobiologia, 562(1), 145-165.

DeChaine, E. G., and Martin, A. P. (2006). Using coalescent simulations to test the impact of Quaternary climate cycles on divergence in an alpine plant‐insect association. Evolution, 60(5), 1004-1013.

Ilyashuk, B. P., Ilyashuk, E. A., Makarchenko, E. A., and Heiri, O. (2010). Midges of the genus Pseudodiamesa Goetghebuer (Diptera, Chironomidae): current knowledge and palaeoecological perspective. Journal of Paleolimnology, 44(2), 667-676.

Knowles, L. L. (2000). Tests of Pleistocene speciation in montane grasshoppers (genus Melanoplus) from the sky islands of western North America. Evolution, 54(4), 1337-1348.

Lencioni, V., and Bernabò, P. (2017). Thermal survival limits of young and mature larvae of a cold stenothermal chironomid from the Alps (Diamesinae: Pseudodiamesa branickii [Nowicki, 1873]). Insect science, 24(2), 314-324.

Makarchenko, E., and Makarchenko, M. (1999). Chironomidae. Non-biting midges. In S. J. Tsalolikhin (Ed.), Key to freshwater invertebrates of Russia and adjacent lands. Higher insects: Diptera. (Vol. Vol. 4, pp. 210-295). St. Petersburg: Zoological Institute.

Manca, M., Ruggiu, D., Panzani, P., Asioli, A., Mura, G., and Nocentini, A. M. (1998). Report on a collection of aquatic organisms from high mountain lakes in the Khumbu Valley (Nepalese Himalayas). Mem. Ist. Ital. Idrobiol, 57(7).

Morrone, J. J. (2014). Biogeographical regionalisation of the Neotropical region. Zootaxa, 3782(1), 1-110.

Nolte, U., and Hoffmann, T. (1992). Life cycle of Pseudodiamesa branickii (Chironomidae) in a small upland stream. Netherland Journal of Aquatic Ecology, 26(2-4), 309-314.

Oliver, D. (1959). Some Diamesini (Chironomidae) from the Nearctic and Palaearctic. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 80, 48-64.

Oseguera, L. A., Alcocer, J., and Escobar, E. (2016). Macroinvertebrados bentónicos de dos lagos tropicales de alta montaña en el volcán Nevado de Toluca, en la región central de México. Hidrobiologica, 26(3), 419-432.

Rossaro, B., Lencioni, V., Boggero, A., and Marziali, L. (2006). Chironomids from Southern Alpine running waters: ecology, biogeography. Hydrobiologia, 562(1), 231-246.

Serra-Tosio, B. (1976). Chironomides des Alpes: Le genre Pseudodiamesa (Diptera, Chironomidae). Trav. Sci. Parc Nat. Vanoise, 7, 117-138.

Siciński, J. (1988). New data on the rare species Pseudodiamesa nivosa (Goetghebuer)(Diptera, Chironomidae). Aquatic insects, 10(2), 73-76.

SMN. (2019). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (SMN), Normales Climatógicas (online) disponible en: (descarga 11 de febrero 2019).

Vázquez-Selem, L., and Heine, K. (2011). Late Quaternayr Glaciation in Mexico. In J. Ehlers, J. Ehlers, P. L. Gibbard, and P. D. Hughes (Eds.), Quaternary glaciations-extent and chronology: a closer look. (Vol. 15, pp. 849-861). Amsterdam: Elsevier.